NEWS ALERT: In fall of 2015, in a Swedish magazine called Vi Läser (''We Read''), there will be an article about why ''cli fi'' is big in Norway, but not so big yet in Sweden, comparatively speaking. It should be an important article, and we will be looking for it, too. (Among those who have been interviewed for the ''Vi Laser'' article are several novelists and literary critics from both nations, according to sources).
'Cli Fi' in NORWAY
FROM OUR MAILBOX: ''Thanks for your message! Yes, I am the author both of the article in Tvergastein and of the first monograph on environmental literature from Iceland and Norway, covering roughly the time period 1970 until 2013 (Umwelt-engagierte Literatur aus Island und Norwegen, published in 2014 - but written in German only for now). In the book, I analyze among others the two novels also mentioned in the journal article (Uår by Knut Faldbakken and Anna by Jostein Gaarder) and Gert Nygårdhaug's novel Chimera. These are fictional texts from Norway dealing with climate change as a central issue. So I'd say there is quite a bit of info online now about Norwegian cli fi novels - but it's not like there are really many of them up to now. There are some more Norwegian crime novels which take up the issue, but not really from an environmental point of view.'' - Dr Reinhard Hennig -- 7/1/2015 [via email]
‘'It is Immoral to Be a Pessimist’ - Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in Norwegian Literary Fiction'' is the title of an academic paper about cli fi in Norway. ''In the following, I want to examine how the novels of two Norwegian novelists....." the author Dr Reinhard Hennig begins. LINK HERE:
Norwegian writer Knut Faldbakken’s wrote two connected novels
A TEENAGER IN NORWAY SPEAKS UP!
Først ser jeg det nødvendig å introdusere det nye sjangerbegrepet for å danne et grunnlag. Her vil jeg redegjøre for samfunnets påvirkning på litteraturen, før jeg går over til å diskutere hvordan litteraturen kan påvirke menneskene og samfunnet: en analyse av boken Chimera med øyne for virkemidler som frembringer følelser eller eventuelle holdningsendringer. Til slutt en samling av tråder i et større perspektiv.
Tonje also said that that the cli fi term is NOT well known in Norway, noting that among her friends and classmates, well:
"Here in Norway, not a single person I've told about the cli fi idea has heard about it before," she told us.
Det har vært et spennende og lærerikt, men også krevende arbeid. Mangelen og variasjonen i informasjon om den nye sjangeren har bydd på utfordringer, men også mye interessant innsikt. Jeg har i enda større grad enn før innsett rikdommen av Nygårdshaugs roman. En annen interessant oppdagelse er hvordan jeg med utgangspunkt i en norskfaglig analyse både finner sosiologi, psykologi og biologi relevant. Disse fagene utfyller hverandre litt på samme måte som litteraturen samspiller med samfunnet og menneskene. Arbeidet har i tillegg kastet lys over klimaendring i andre populære medier og trigget en interesse for denne alternative og fascinerende måten å formidle et budskap på.
"I enjoyed researching and writing the class paper and
I continue reading cli-fi novels with even more interest
than before," Tonje told us.
(5.2.1) Publisert faglitteratur
(Nettversjon av aktuelt innhold: http://home.online.no/~steinny/Kap1/hjernens_oppbygning.htm)
(220.127.116.11) Cli fi
Kildene er her sortert etter publiseringsdato:
Bloom, Dan, Teleread, ”Cli-fi ebook to launch on Earth Day in April”. Lastet ned: 03.11.13.
Atwood, Margaret, Twitter. Lastet ned: 02.11.13.
Evancie, Angela, NPR, “So Hot Right Now: Has Climate Change Created A New Literary Genre?”. Lastet ned: 02.11.13.
Bloom, Dan, Teleread, ”Thanks to TeleRead and NPR, ‘Cli-fi’ is now an official literary term”. Lastet ned: 28.10.13. http://www.teleread.com/around-world/cli-fi-is-a-new-literary-term-that-npr-blessed-and-approved/
Clark, Pilita, Financial Times, ”Global literary circles warm to climate fiction”. Lastet ned: 12.11.13. http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/8a8adf10-c9e3-11e2-af47-00144feab7de.html#axzz2kSEYvU5l
Glass, Rodge, The Guardian ”Global warning: the rise of ’cli-fi’”. Lastet ned: 10.11.13. http://www.theguardian.com/books/2013/may/31/global-warning-rise-cli-fi
World Wide Words, ”Cli-fi”. Lastet ned: 13.11.13. http://www.worldwidewords.org/turnsofphrase/tp-cli4.htm
Wikipedia, ”Cli-fi”. Lastet ned: 13.11.13.
Andre internettkilder med uvesentlig dato:
NOTES FROM NORWEGIAN MEDIA, in Norwegian:
|Project title:||Nature, Culture, and Activism: an Analysis of Environmental Literature from Iceland and Norway|
|Advisor:||PD Dr. Thomas Fechner-Smarsly|
(Institute for German Studies, Department of Scandinavian Studies, University of Bonn, Germany)
|Abstract:||Does literature contribute to environmental awareness and to the solution of ecological problems? What characterizes an environmental text? Which ethical arguments referring to environmental questions are used in such texts? What is the relationship between these texts and contemporary environmental movements as well as the ecological ideas drawn upon by such movements? And, finally: What is the relation of the local, the national and the global to each other in environmental literature?|
In order to answer these questions, I am combining approaches from three disciplines of the environmental humanities. The first is ecocriticism, a subfield of literary and cultural studies which addresses environmental questions. The second is environmental history, which not only researches past environmental conditions and interrelationships between humans and non-human nature, but also the history of ecological ideas and of environmental movements. The third discipline is environmental ethics, which’s theories allow a differentiated analysis of ethical arguments drawn upon in environmental literary texts. Methodologically, I use Hubert Zapf’s model of literature as cultural ecology, according to which literary texts have a triadic structure: They function as a cultural-critical metadiscourse, as an imaginative counterdiscourse and as a reintegrative interdiscourse. I connect this model with a more neutral definition of cultural criticism (Kulturkritik) developed by Georg Bollenbeck. In this way it becomes possible to define more closely the characteristics of environmental literature and to comprehensively take into account the historical and cultural contexts of such literary texts. The contrasting comparison of Icelandic and Norwegian environmental literature shows that perceptions of environmental questions are to a very high degree culturally shaped, and that in particular ideas of national identity have considerable influence on the characteristics of the respective ‘environmental imagination’.
My sources were works by five Icelandic and five Norwegian writers, published between 1970 and 2013.
The texts from Norway are Erik Dammann‘s essayistic book Fremtiden i våre hender („The Future in Our Hands“, 1972), Knut Faldbakken‘s two-part novel Uår – Aftenlandet („Bad Years – the Occident“, 1974) and Uår – Sweetwater („Bad Years – Sweetwater“, 1976), Sidsel Mørck‘s documentary novels Stumtjenere („Silent Servant“, 1978) and Ikke til salgs! („Not for Sale!“, 1983), Gert Nygårdshaug‘s novels Mengele Zoo (1989) and Chimera (2011) as well as Jostein Gaarder‘s young-adult novel Anna. En fabel om klodens klima og miljø („Anna. A Fable about the Planet‘s Climate and Environment“, 2013).
|Support:||This project was supported by the Heinrich-Böll-Foundation through a PhD scholarship .|
|Status:||The PhD thesis was submitted at the University of Bonn in January 2014. The thesis defense took place in April 2014. The thesis was published in October 2014 under the title Umwelt-engagierte Literatur aus Island und Norwegen. Ein interdisziplinärer Beitrag zu den environmental humanities in the series Texte und Untersuchungen zur Germanistik und Skandinavistik.|